Your direct source for Dry Suits, Waders & Waterproof Bags for Diving, Kayak, Waterski, Jetski, Rafting, Fishing and more!
guidelines for CPR everyone should know
All outdoor adventurers need to have a well-stocked toolchest full of abilities unique to his or her own sport. Boat captains, hunters, rock climbers, paddlers--they all have their own highly specialized skill-sets. There are a few skills, though, that everyone should know, even your average couch potato, and one of the most important is CPR.
But the guidelines have been changed for how to more effectively perform the life-saving technique, and those who have been previously trained in it need to take special note.
Being phased out is the old A-B-C model (Airway, Breathing, Compressions) which was a standard for years for the proper sequence of performing CPR and required the rescuer to give two quick breaths to the victim before administering chest compressions.
Now, experts are saying to spell it CAB, putting the compressions first and some say even to ditch the 'mouth-to-mouth' altogether (the exception being cases of near drownings or drug overdoses). That's good news for bystanders who might be reluctant to press their lips onto a stranger's.
The idea is for the rescuer to act as a temporary artificial heart, forcing blood to circulate to the brain in those crucial first moments after cardiac arrest occurs. Researchers were finding EMTs waited too long before beginning the compressions under the old model.
Every second counts when the heart stops beating. The brain can survive only a few minutes without blood before suffering significant damage, so it is important to get pumping on the victims chest immediately--and hard. Researchers are saying rescuers are not pushing hard enough when they perform CPR.
So there are new important new things to remember concerning CPR: 1. Compressions early and often. 2. Push HARD!
One last thing: an easy way to remember the change is to note that 'compression' starts with a 'c' as does 'CPR.' And the 'c' in CPR actually stands for cardio, meaning heart, which is the whole reason for the new guidelines. Picture yourself acting like a pump pushing down and letting up over and over. You're not blowing up a balloon, which is the common misconception of CPR. Most people even call it 'mouth-to-mouth' and we need to get away from that.
It's not mouth-to-mouth, it's palm-to-chest, and that's important. Hospitals are reporting that EMTs are achieving higher survival rates as a result of the new emphasis on chest compressions first, so we should all take serious note. And if you ever catch yourself in a situation where the person next to you collapses and its up to you to save his life, remember:
1. Compressions early and often. 2. Push
2010 Captain Kujo All rights reserved.